Why Two-Phase Orthodontic Treatment For Children?
First Phase of Treatment
The goal of first phase treatment is to develop the jaw size in order to accommodate all the permanent teeth and to relate the upper and lower jaws to each other. Children sometimes exhibit early signs of jaw problems as they grow and develop. If children after age six are found to have a jaw discrepancy, they are candidates for early orthodontic treatment.
Benefits of First Phase Treatment
Children grow rapidly, and this is advantageous when it comes to early phase orthodontic treatment. As the child grows, the orthodontist can utilize appliances to guide and direct the teeth and the relationship between the upper and lower jaws. Early corrections like this may prevent removal of permanent teeth to correct overcrowding, bite issues and/or surgical procedures to align upper and lower jaws.
In this phase, the remaining permanent teeth are allowed to erupt.
Second Phase of Treatment
The second phase is initiated when all permanent teeth have erupted, and usually requires braces on all the teeth for an average of 24 months. At this point, teeth are not in their final positions. The goal of the second phase is to make sure each tooth has an exact location in the mouth. Retainers are worn after this phase to ensure you retain your beautiful smile.